Culture in a country like Cuba is the backbone that organizes the rest of the activities on the island from childhood, through all stages of the life of any citizen. Do not doubt that a conversation with a Cuban will enrich the mind of whoever talks with him or her.
DO YOU KNOW THE ORIGIN OF ITS POPULATION? BETWEEN AFRICA AND EUROPE?
Its ethnic legacy is directly related to the colonization processes experienced by the island, hence the two roots with the greatest presence in the Greater Antilles are Spanish and African. The first, as a result of a migration from the south of Spain, the Canary Islands, Galicia and Catalonia; the second, as a result of the settlement of African slaves from different ethnic groups (Yorubas, Mandingas, Congos, Carabalíes, Bantu) on the plantations and the subsequent relationships they established with their owners.
DO YOU KNOW CUBA'S CULTURAL REFERENCES?
To talk about this island is to talk about the Great Theatre of Havana, Alicia Alonso's ballet, the Failde Orchestra and its Latin Grammy nomination; but also of the prolific work of the poet José Martí, of the extensive network of libraries deployed throughout the country and of the group of literary authors such as Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda, José María Heredia, Nicolás Guillén (National Poet of Cuba), José Lezama Lima, Alejo Carpentier (Cervantes Prize 1977), Virgilio Piñera, Dulce María Loynaz or Leonardo Padura (Princess of Asturias Prize 2015).
Any fan of reading should travel to Cuba, something that also applies to any fan of music: the son, the rumba, the guaracha, the mambo or the chachachá are some of the classic styles that make up the universal staff. But what about new influences? It is essential not to mention them and give them the relevance they deserve: jazz, classical music, hip hop or reggaeton are the new rhythms that mark the sound evolution of the island with great force.
Today, Cuba is also the stage where the best cultural events related to the arts are celebrated and hosted, such as the Ballet Festival, the Plastic Arts Biennials, the Book Fairs, the Music Festivals and also the meetings on the New Latin American Cinema.
And come this far, do you think we've told you everything? Well no, there is still more: its architectural heritage. The Cuban cultural infrastructure consists of theatre halls, museums, art galleries and cinemas.
Cuba is the Caribbean island with the largest number of buildings listed as a "World Heritage Site" by UNESCO, which is explained by the rich heritage of the Spanish settlers and the natural beauty that this island itself has. In total there are nine World Heritage Sites:
- Old City of Havana and its system of Fortifications.
- Trinidad and Valle de los Ingenios.
- Castle of San Pedro de la Roca in Santiago de Cuba.
- Granma Landing National Park.
- Vinales Valley.
- System of coffee plantations in the southeast of Cuba.
- Alejandro de Humboldt National Park.
- Historic urban centre of Cienfuegos.
- Historic centre of Camagüey.